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    Wednesday, March 29, 2023

    Green and Growing: What happens when wilderness meets Main Street?

    About 40 people recently visited seven regional meadows during a tour cosponsored by Conn College Arboretum and New England Wildflower Society. (photo by Kathy Connolly)

    I recently had the pleasure of leading almost 40 people on a tour of seven regional meadows. The meadows were in full flower, each lively with color — and filled with insect and bird life.

    Each was stunningly pretty in a wild way.

    It is noteworthy, however, that each of the meadows grew apart from neighborhoods. Three were on the grounds of Conn College in New London. Two were at Harkness State Park. Two were tucked away behind private homes in Chester and Killingworth.

    What if this tall vegetation were in a city neighborhood or along the streets of a modern housing development? Ordinances in some regional towns would define these plants as blight.

    To be sure, blight ordinances are intended to protect the community from sidewalk obstructions and rusty refrigerators in front yards. They also aim to prevent loss of perceived value for the surrounding properties.

    But when New London delivered a complaint to a homeowner who naturalized her yard to reduce mowing and improve habitat for birds and insects, a Day editorial on Aug. 24 asked: Is unmowed vegetation the same kind of blight as a stripped-down car or broken windows?

    Blight ordinances have made the regional news a lot lately. Both East Lyme and Preston adopted ordinances in the past two years. In 2017, Westbrook voters considered an ordinance, but it didn’t pass. Old Lyme is currently considering the addition of an ordinance.

    Vegetation and blight

    Some towns, such as Essex and Westbrook have no blight ordinance. Some towns, such as Stonington, have blight ordinances, but they don’t mention vegetation.

    Other towns have blight ordinances that specifically address vegetation but in a variety of ways. Here are some examples:

    East Haven specifically includes “ragweed, poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak and similar plants” in the blight category. The East Haven ordinance requires lawns be kept under six inches.

    Old Saybrook and Madison both exclude areas maintained in their “original naturally wooded, field, or shoreline state.” Old Saybrook’s ordinance also specifically excludes landscaping “intended as a substitute or replacement for traditional lawn grass.”

    East Lyme’s ordinance excludes “maintained gardens, flower beds, and xeriscape landscaping.” “Xeriscape” refers to landscapes with low water needs.

    Ordinances do not enforce themselves, of course, and disputes such as these often come down to the opinions of individuals. While one homeowner reads books such as “Bringing Nature Home,” “Planting in a Post-Wild World,” and “Garden Revolution” — another homeowner picks up the phone to complain about tall plants and unmowed turf.

    Violating norms

    To the complainant, wildness may violate their beliefs about cultural norms or neighborhood safety — whether the plants are true weeds or the most valuable insect habitat around.

    Some who study public attitudes towards landscapes and horticulture have identified a phenomenon called “plant blindness,” the inability to see the plants for what they are or understand their roles. For instance, most people can’t distinguish ragweed (weed) from goldenrod (highly beneficial pollinator plant), or mugwort (weed) from chrysanthemums (ornamental plant). This problem vexes many members of the land-based professions, as well as volunteers in parks and on school grounds whose plantings are routinely mowed and trampled by grounds crews as well as unknowing members of the public.

    Given all the discussion about pollinators, climate resilience, clean air, and clean water, the split perception of plants as problems and plants as benefactors is not likely to go away soon. Collectively, we need to come to a new understanding of how urban landscapes impact the quality of life for all citizens and creatures, too.

    Kathy Connolly is a writer and speaker on landscape topics from Old Saybrook. Reach her through her website: www.Speaking ofLandscapes.com.

    From a distance, it can be easy to confuse ragweed with goldenrod.Kathy Connolly
    From a distance, it can be easy to confuse ragweed with goldenrod. Ragweed (pictured) is an invasive plant. It is wind-pollinated and is a serious contributor to allergic reactions this time of year. Goldenrod, on the other hand, is one of the region’s most productive pollinator plants. It is insect-pollinated and does not discharge pollen into the atmosphere. (photo by Kathy Connolly)

    Further Reading

    Read some of the best recent literature on why we should bring nature into our landscapes—and how to do it:

    "Bringing Nature Home: How You Can Sustain Wildlife with Native Plants" by Douglas Tallamy, Timber Press, 2009

    "Planting in a Post-Wild World: Designing Plant Communities for Resilient Landscapes" by Thomas Rainer and Claudia West, Timber Press 2015

    "Garden Revolution: How Our Landscapes Can Be a Source of Environmental Change" by Larry Weaner and Thomas Christopher, Timber Press, 2016

    For more on "plant blindness," read the article "Toward a Theory of Plant Blindness" in Plant Science, Spring 2001, Vol. 47, No. 1, by James Wandersee and Elisabeth Schussler.

    See the classic article titled "Messy Ecosystems, Orderly Frames" by landscape architect Joan Iverson Nassauer. She articulates the problems of integrating natural systems into populated settings. (Landscape Journal, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1995)

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