Reparations: It's time to speak up, and it's OK to be angry
At a recent congressional hearing on reparations for slavery, Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee made an unusual disclaimer.
"I am not here in anger or anguish, and I am not seeking to encourage hostilities," said Jackson Lee, D-Texas, who sponsored legislation that would set up a commission to study reparations. "I hope that we come in peace."
There was no apparent need for such assurance. And even if she had been angry and anguished, so what? Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., during his testimony in support of the bill, had no such concerns when speaking his mind.
"I feel anger over health disparities and the criminal justice system as the new Jim Crow," he said. "I am brokenhearted and angry, living in a community and seeing where the nation is unfair to so many people."
Perhaps Jackson Lee was just being hospitable. A hearing on reparations for slavery, however, is not the time for coddling. It's for speaking up.
Testimony at the hearing, held recently by a House Judiciary subcommittee, focused largely on economic losses resulting from government policies that fostered discrimination in housing, education and pretty much all avenues of life.
As economist Julianne Malveaux put it, "Enslavement was about the devil's work of predatory capitalism."
True enough, but there was another, far more important kind of loss.
At a 2017 conference on reparations, in the midst of the #MeToo movement, a group of black women said they did not want it forgotten that generations of black women had been subjected to rape and bred for more than 250 years: "As attention is called to the ugly reality of present-day sexual harassment, there must also be attention to the historical sexual violations of Black women during the enslavement era and beyond.”
Kimberle Crenshaw, a professor of law at UCLA and Columbia University, told me that it's important to remember that "slavery was not just the theft of labor but the theft of black women's sexual autonomy."
"It was the theft of family, theft of the right to motherhood, theft of an image of oneself in order to justify all of the abuse," she said.
But speaking frankly about the systemic oppression of black women, which still shows up in all manner of racial and gender disparities, including pay, has proved difficult. In seeking reparations for black people, black women have sometimes shown a reluctance to seek reparations for themselves.
Seeking justice hinges on the willingness of black women to speak out, to not hold back out of fear of making others uncomfortable.
"If you don't understand that the theft of black women's autonomy was the principal loss caused by slavery, then you won't have an accurate description of the problem and your fix is going to be partial," Crenshaw said. "That slavery was made possible by the systemic rape of black women is something we just don't talk about, but we must."
And if that makes us angry and anguished, it should.
Courtland Milloy is a local columnist for The Washington Post.