Triple option helps level playing field at service academies

Army quarterback Ahmad Bradshaw breaks away from the line of scrimmage against Air Force while running an option play in the first half of a Nov. 4 game at Air Force Academy, Colo. The triple option has been part of the DNA for Air Force, Navy and Army for decades because it levels the playing field. It's hard to defend and doesn't require big offensive linemen. At its core, the system is centered on a quarterback with plenty of moxie and a fullback with a nose for getting through a tiny crease. (David Zalubowski/AP Photo)
Army quarterback Ahmad Bradshaw breaks away from the line of scrimmage against Air Force while running an option play in the first half of a Nov. 4 game at Air Force Academy, Colo. The triple option has been part of the DNA for Air Force, Navy and Army for decades because it levels the playing field. It's hard to defend and doesn't require big offensive linemen. At its core, the system is centered on a quarterback with plenty of moxie and a fullback with a nose for getting through a tiny crease. (David Zalubowski/AP Photo)

Air Force Academy, Colo. — Fisher DeBerry wants to clear the air: His triple-option Air Force teams were very much passing oriented.

"About every play," the retired coach said. "The only difference is it happened to be a pitch behind the line of scrimmage."

DeBerry loves that jest, and used it all the time whenever his Falcons followers complained the team didn't throw enough.

The triple option has been part of the DNA for Air Force, Navy and Army for decades because it helps level the playing field. It's hard to defend and doesn't require mammoth offensive linemen. At its core, the system runs well with a quarterback who has plenty of moxie — quick decision making, too — and a fullback with a nose for getting through a tiny crease.

Expect plenty of triple-option play when Army (8-3) faces Navy (6-5) on Saturday with the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy on the line.

"We run," said Army coach Jeff Monken, whose team has won three games this season without completing a pass. "That's what we do. We don't have to pass."

A quick note on the triple option: While the quarterback is obviously the headliner, the fullback actually plays a big role. The fullback dive keeps defenses honest. The third option is always to give the ball to the tailback.

It's a difficult system for an opposing defense to decode in a short amount of time. DeBerry said he heard from plenty of opposing coaches who dedicated time to stopping the option in the preseason, just to squeeze in some early work.

"You definitely have to study it, like you do in a class," Navy senior co-captain slot back Darryl Bonner said. "When I got here, I thought I knew what I was doing out there. No, I did not. There's so much to it. Not only do we have to run it, but we have to do it perfectly. It is a great equalizer."

The service academies are typically among the top rushing schools in the country. This season, Army leads the way at 368.1 yards per game, followed by Navy (347.5). After Arizona in third come Air Force and Georgia Tech (each averages 307.4). That's worth noting since former Navy coach Paul Johnson brought the scheme to the Yellow Jackets.

"It gives us a chance to compete," Navy coach Ken Niumatalolo said.

Before taking over at Army, Monken honed his strategy while coaching at Georgia Southern. His signature win while there came in 2013, his final season before leaving for West Point, and against SEC power Florida at the Swamp. Monken called three passing plays, with the last one nearly intercepted. That was it. Georgia Southern won without completing a pass and he hasn't forgotten. Monken keeps a football from that game as a constant reminder.

Back in DeBerry's day, the high-octane passing game was becoming the rage, especially with the late LaVell Edwards and his BYU teams putting up head-spinning numbers. It was hard not to be enamored with that system. It was also hard to draw huge, pass-blocking offensive linemen to Air Force. That's due to their military requirements in which they must pass a physical fitness test each semester. In addition, a body-fat measurement must be met for graduation.

"The triple option gives you an advantage in the fact that we could control the clock," said DeBerry, who was inducted into the college football hall of fame in 2011. "Any time we ran twice as many plays against our opponent, we enhanced our chances of winning the game immeasurably."

Earlier this season, the Falcons (5-7) had the ball for nearly 42 minutes in a 45-28 win over Colorado State, whose offense had it for just 18.

"They did whatever they wanted," Rams coach Mike Bobo said.

Not the first time that's been uttered by an opponent.

The Black Knights actually abandoned their signature system under Todd Berry from 2000-03 in favor of a more pro-style formation. It backfired as Army went 5-35 under Berry.

So the team returned to the triple option, which has gone by a variety of names over the years. Other variations include the flexbone or the wishbone. Air Force calls its particular scheme the zone running game. These days, the read option remains exceedingly popular.

By any description, DeBerry relied on it heavily at Air Force as he went 169-109-1 over his 23-year career as head coach. He went 35-11 against the Black Knights and Midshipmen.

Those days, he received calls all the time asking him to give clinics on the ins and outs of the option. He still gets a few.

"But not too many want to hear from an 80 year old," DeBerry cracked. "People are throwing the ball because they think it's what the fans want to see. Running the triple option, it's boring. But I never looked at it from that standpoint. I used to ask people: 'Do they give more points in football today when you score from a pass play than when you score from a running play?' No. A 60-yard run is just as good as a 60-yard pass."

AP Sports Writers John Kekis in West Point, New York, and David Ginsburg in Annapolis, Maryland, contributed to this report.

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