Log In

Reset Password
  • MENU
    Friday, August 19, 2022

    Park Service project shares stories of women along Route 66

    This undated photo provided by the Tellez Family shows Virginia Tellez Wayne as a young woman living in Gallup, N.M. Tellez Wayne, now 94, is among the dozens of women featured in an oral history project focused on the women of historic Route 66. (Courtesy of the Tellez Family via AP)

    It was a man’s world nearly a century ago when one of America’s most famous highways got its start, opening up vast expanses of the West as it created an automobile artery that stretched roughly 2,400 miles from Chicago to the West Coast.

    But it wasn’t only men behind the wheel or working in the service stations and cafes along historic Route 66.

    The National Park Service and the nonprofit Cinefemme have partnered to create an online historical record of the experiences of women and girls along the Mother Road.

    Writer and project director Katrina Parks says she was surprised by the diverse ways in which women’s lives intersected with the road, from the pioneering female architects who designed buildings along Route 66 to the waitresses, shopkeepers, postmasters and others who kept daily life humming.

    Then there are artists like Dorothea Lange, who traveled part of the route through Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona and California during the 1930s and captured through her photographs the struggles of migrant farm families.

    There are stories about the daughters of Mexican and Chinese immigrants who made their homes in the West and opened family grocery stores, laundries and restaurants along the route.

    Threads of discrimination, determination, adventure and perseverance run through the women’s stories.

    “We saw there was this great narrative about Route 66 out there that tended to be focused on the traveler’s experience,” said Kaisa Barthuli, who works with the National Park Service Route 66 Corridor Preservation Program. “We realized that Route 66, as a symbol of America, had the potential to tell so many deeper stories. It’s about pulling out these lesser known stories that really help people connect and understand our history.”

    The project was funded through a cost-sharing grant from the Park Service. The website is expected to evolve, and Parks plans to use the oral histories she has collected for a documentary.

    The women’s stories cover several decades, from the road’s beginnings to its current rebirth.

    The first half of Virginia Tellez Wayne’s life centered around the route in Gallup, New Mexico. The oldest of 14 children, she started working two and three jobs early on to support her siblings and later her five sons. She worked as a Harvey girl, greeting and serving troop trains, tourists and movie stars at Fred Harvey’s El Navajo Hotel, El Rancho and the Shalimar — all fixtures along the highway.

    Nicknamed “Smiley” by the troops, Tellez Wayne had a way with her customers and many became friends. She also made aprons for fellow waitresses and uniforms for men who worked at the service stations.

    “If it weren’t for us women, there wouldn’t be no 66,” she said, laughing. “We were into everything.”

    Now 94, Tellez Wayne lives in Albuquerque with her son in a home that backs up to old Route 66 on the western edge of the city. She donated her Harvey uniform to a local museum but swears she still has her No. 17 waitress tag somewhere among her books and boxes of memories.

    A fellow at the University of New Mexico’s Center for Southwest Research, Donatella Davanzo, has been working to document every building along Route 66 in Albuquerque, home to the largest uninterrupted segment of the road left in an urban area.

    A native of Italy, she took her first trip down the Mother Road in 2006.

    “I started to consider the historic corridor as a cultural landscape able to connect American history and local places and communities,” she said.

    Davanzo worked her way along Route 66, walking from the Sandia Mountains on the city’s east side to the mesa on the west. She took 7,500 photographs over two years. They’re now part of the collection at the research center.

    Parks, too, acknowledged the infectious nature of Route 66.

    “It still for me has a sense of freedom and adventure, which I think is what captives so many people,” Parks said. “It’s just this idea that it’s an escape from the monotonous and that means a more personal interaction with people and slowing down to make time for the unexpected.”


    In this June 14, 2016 photo, Virginia Tellez Wayne holds a photograph of herself during an interview at her home in Albuquerque, N.M., Tellez Wayne is one of dozens of women who are part of an oral history project that aims to tell the stories of women who lived and worked along Route 66 and were influenced by the historic byway. (AP Photo/Susan Montoya Bryan)
    This 1936 image provided by the Library of Congress shows Resettlement Administration photographer Dorothea Lange sitting atop a vehicle in California. Lange is among the women whose stories are featured as part of The Women on the Mother Road project, a partnership between Cinefemme and the National Park Service to highlight women's experiences along historic Route 66. (Library of Congress via AP)
    In this Aug. 10, 2014 image provided by Katrina Parks anthropologist and photographer Donatella Davanzo takes a photo of a neon sign along Route 66 on the west side of Albuquerque, N.M. Davanzo is among the women whose stories are part of an oral history project highlighting the experiences of women along the famous highway. (Katrina Parks via AP)
    In this June 21, 2016 photo cars make their way along historic Route 66 in downtown Albuquerque, N.M. Through a grant from the National Park Service, Cinefemme and documentary filmmaker Katrina Parks are highlighting the stories of women who lived and worked along Route 66 and have been inspired by the historic byway. (AP Photo/Susan Montoya Bryan)
    This June 21, 2016 photo shows one of the signs along historic Route 66 in downtown Albuquerque, N.M. The National Park Service has partnered with the nonprofit Cinefemme to create an online collection of stories about the women who lived and worked along the famous highway and were inspired by it. (AP Photo/Susan Montoya Bryan)

    Post your comment

    We encourage respectful comments but reserve the right to delete anything that does not contribute to an engaging dialogue. Help us moderate this thread by flagging comments that violate our guidelines. Read the commenting policy.